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Barg, A, Bailey T, Walsh W, Richter M, Cesar de Cesar Netto C, Lintz F, et al. Weight-bearing Computed Tomography of the Foot and Ankle. Foot Ankle Int 2017; in press. 

Baverel  L, Brihault J, Odri G, Boissard M, Lintz F. Influence of lower limb rotation on hindfoot alignment using a conventional two-dimensional radiographic technique. Foot Ankle Surg 2017; 23(1):44-9.

Bernasconi A, De Franco C, Improta G, Verrazzo R, Balato G, Rizzo M, Lenzi M, Smeraglia F. Foot and ankle measurements on cone beam weightbearing computed tomography. Advances in Musculoskeletal Diseases and Infections - SOTIMI 2019

Bhimani R, Ashkani-Esfahani S, Lubberts B, Guss D, Hagemeijer NC, Waryasz G, DiGiovanni CW. Utility of Volumetric Measurement via Weight-Bearing Computed Tomography Scan to Diagnose Syndesmotic Instability.

Boffeli TJ, Messerly CG, Sorensen TK. Ideal Angle of Upper and Lower Syndesmotic Fixation Based on Weightbearing Computed Tomographic Imaging in Uninjured Ankles

Brandenburg LS, Siegel M, Neubauer J, Merz J, Bode G, Kühle J. Measuring standing hindfoot alignment: reliability of different approaches in conventional x-ray and cone-beam CT. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2021 Apr 22. doi: 10.1007/s00402-021-03904-1.

Broos M, Berardo S, Dobbe JGG, Maas M, Streekstra GJ, Wellenberg RHH. Geometric 3D analyses of the foot and ankle using weight-bearing and non weight-bearing cone-beam CT images: The new standard? Eur J Radiol. 2021 May;138:109674. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2021.109674. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Burssens A, Peeters J, Buedts K, Victor J, Vandeputte G. Measuring hindfoot in weight bearing CT: A novel clinical relevant measurement method. Foot Ankle Surg 2016; 22(4):233-8.

Burssens A, Van Herzele E, Buedts K, Leenders T, Clockaerts S, Vandeputte G, Victor J. Weightbearing CT in normal hindfoot alignment - Presence of Constitutional Valgus? Foot Ankle Surg 2017, 23:16-16.


Burssens A, Peeters J, Peiffer M, Marien R, Lenaerts T, WBCT ISG, Vandeputte G, Victor J. Reliability and correlation analysis of computed methods to convert conventional 2D radiological hindfoot measurements to a 3D setting using weightbearing CT. Int J Comp Assisted Radiol Surg 2018: 1-10.

Cao Q, Sisniega A, Stayman JW, Yorkston J, Siewerdsen JH, Zbijewski W. Quantitative Cone-Beam CT of Bone Mineral Density Using Model-Based Reconstruction. Proceedings of SPIE--the International Society for Optical Engineering 2019, 10948. 33. 10.1117/12.2513216. 

Carrara C, Belvedere C, Caravaggi P, Durante S, Leardini A. Techniques for 3D foot bone orientation angles in weight-bearing from cone-beam computed tomography.

Cody EAKraszewski APConti MSEllis SJ. Lateralizing Calcaneal Osteotomies and Their Effect on Calcaneal Alignment: A Three-Dimensional Digital Model Analysis. Foot Ankle Int. [online] 2018 (1):1071100718768225. 

Collan L, Kankare JA, Mattila K.  The biomechanics of the first metatarsal bone in hallux valgus: A preliminary study utilizing a weight bearing extremity CT. Foot Ankle Surg 2013; 19(3):155-61.

Conti MS, Ellis SJ. Weight-bearing CT Scans in Foot and Ankle Surgery.

de Cesar Netto C, Schon LC, Thawait GK, da Fonseca LF, Chinanuvathana A, Zbijewski WB, et al. Flexible Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity: Comparison Between Weight-Bearing and Non-Weight-Bearing Measurements Using Cone-Beam Computed Tomography. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2017;99(18):e98.


de Cesar Netto C, Shakoor D, Dein EJ, Zhang H, Thawait GK, Richter M, Ficke JR, Schon LC, Weightbearing CT International Study group, Demehri S. Influence of investigator experience on reliability of adult acquired flatfoot deformity measurements using weightbearing computed tomography. Foot Ankle Surg [online] 2018.

de Cesar Netto C, Bernasconi A, Roberts L, Pontin PA, Lintz F, Saito GH, Roney A, Elliott A, O'Malley M. Foot Alignment in Symptomatic National Basketball Association Players Using Weightbearing Cone Beam Computed Tomography. Orthop J Sports Med. [online] 2019; 7(2): 2325967119826081.

de Cesar Netto C, Myerson MS, Day J, Ellis SJ, Hintermann B, Johnson JE, Sangeorzan BJ, Schon LC, Thordarson D, Deland JT. Consensus for the Use of Weightbearing CT in the Assessment of Progressive Collapsing Foot Deformity. Foot Ankle Int. 2020 Aug 27:1071100720950734.

Del Rio A, Bewsher SM, Roshan-Zamir S, Tate J, Eden M, Gotmaker R, Wang O, Bedi HS, Rotstein AH. Weightbearing Cone-Beam Computed Tomography of Acute Ankle Syndesmosis Injuries. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2020 Mar-Apr;59(2):258-263. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2019.02.005.

Godoy-Santos AL, de Cesar Netto C, Weightbearing CT International Study Group. Weight-bearing computed tomography of the foot and ankle: an update and future directions. Acta Ortop Bras. [online]. 2018;26(2):00-00

Hagemeijer NC, Chang SH, Abdelaziz ME, Casey JC, Waryasz GR, Guss D, DiGiovanni CW. Range of Normal and Abnormal Syndesmotic Measurements Using Weightbearing CT.

Hagen JE, Rausch S, Simons P, Lenz M, Knobe M, Edgar Roth K, Gueorguiev B, Richards RG, Klos K. Comparison of Ligament-Repair Techniques for the Syndesmosis: A Simulated Cadaveric Weight-Bearing Computed Tomography Analysis.

Herzenberg JE, Laporta G, Siddiqui NA, Brigido SA, Brigido SA, Cooper MT. Understanding Basic Principles of Deformity Correction for the Foot and Ankle Surgeon. Foot Ankle Spec 2017;10(2):139-43.

Hirschmann A, Pfirrmann CW, Klammer G, Espinosa N, Buck FM. Upright cone CT of the hindfoot: Comparison of the non-weight bearing with the upright weight bearing position. European radiology 2014;24(3):553-8.

Kawalec JS, Ehredt DJ Jr, Bakhaj K, Fleck J, Nutter K, Osher L. Inaccuracy of Forefoot Axial Radiographs in Determining the Coronal Plane Angle of Sesamoid Rotation in Adult Hallux Valgus Deformity. A Study using Weight-Bearing CT Scanning.

Kim JB, Park CH, Ahn JY, Kim J, Lee WC. Characteristics of medial gutter arthritis on weightbearing CT and plain radiograph. Skeletal Radiol. 2021 Jan 7. doi: 10.1007/s00256-020-03688-2. Online ahead of print.

Kimura T, Kubota M, Suzuki N, Hattori A, Saito M. Weightbearing Computed Tomography and 3-Dimensional Analysis of Mobility Changes of the First Ray After Proximal Oblique Osteotomy for Hallux Valgus.

Krahenbuhl N, Tschuck M, Bolliger L, Hintermann B, Knupp M. Orientation of the Subtalar Joint: Measurement and Reliability Using Weight Bearing CT Scans. Foot Ankle Int 2016;37(1):109-14.

Krähenbühl N, Burssens A, Davidson NP, Allen CM, Henninger HB, Saltzman CL, Barg A. Can Weightbearing Computed Tomography Scans Be Used to Diagnose Subtalar Joint Instability? A Cadaver Study. J Orthop Res. 2019, [Epub ahead of print].

Lawlor, M. C., Kluczynski, M. A., Marzo, J. M. Weight-Bearing Cone-Beam CT Scan Assessment of Stability of Supination External Rotation Ankle Fractures in a Cadaver Model. Foot & Ankle International 2018, 39(7), 850–857. 

Lepojärvi, Sannamari ; Niinimäki, Jaakko ; Pakarinen, Harri ; Leskelä, Hannu-Ville. Rotational Dynamics of the Normal Distal Tibiofibular Joint with Weight-Bearing Computed Tomography. Foot  Ankle Int 2016; 37(6); 627-35.

Lepojarvi et al. HV: Rotational Dynamics of the Talus in a Normal Tibiotalar Joint as Shown by Weight Bearing Computed Tomography. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2016; 98(7):568-75. 

León-Muñoz VJ, López-López M, Martínez-Martínez F, Santonja-Medina F. Comparison of weight-bearing full-length radiographs and computed-tomography-scan-based three-dimensional models in the assessment of knee joint coronal alignment.

Lintz F, Welck M, Bernasconi A, Thornton BJ, Cullen NP, Singh D, et al. 3D Biometrics for Hindfoot Alignment Using Weight Bearing CT. Foot Ankle Int 2017:1071100717690806.

Lintz F, Barton T, Millet M, Harries WJ, Hepple S, Winson IG. Ground Reaction Force Calcaneal Offset: A new measurement of hindfoot alignment. Foot Ankle Surg 2012;18(1):9-14.

Lintz F, Bernasconi A, Baschet L, Fernando C, Mehdi N; Weight Bearing CT International Study Group, de Cesar Netto C. Relationship Between Chronic Lateral Ankle Instability and Hindfoot Varus Using Weight-Bearing Cone Beam Computed Tomography.

Lullini G, Belvedere C, Busacca M, Moio A, Leardini A, Caravelli S, Maccaferri B, Durante S, Zaffagnini S, Marcheggiani Muccioli GM. Weight bearing versus conventional CT for the measurement of patellar alignment and stability in patients after surgical treatment for patellar recurrent dislocation. Radiol Med. 2021 Mar 3. doi: 10.1007/s11547-021-01339-7. Online ahead of print.

Mahmoud K, Metikala S, Mehta SD, Fryhofer GW, Farber DC, Prat D. The Role of Weightbearing Computed Tomography Scan in Hallux Valgus.

Patel S, Bernasconi A, Thornton J, Buraimoh O, Cullen NP, Welck MJ, Singh D. Relationship between foot posture index and weight bearing computed tomography 3D biometrics to define foot alignment.

Peña Fernández M, Hoxha D, Chan O, Mordecai S, Blunn GW, Tozzi G, Goldberg A. Centre of Rotation of the Human Subtalar Joint Using Weight-Bearing Clinical Computed Tomography.

Ricci P.M., Boldini M., Bonfante E., Sambugaro E., Vecchini E., Schenal G., Magnan B., Montemezzi S. Cone-beam computed tomography compared to X-ray in diagnosis of extremities bone fractures: A study of 198 cases. European Journal of Radiology Open (2019); 6; 119-121.

Richter M, Lintz F, Cesar de Netto C, Barg A, Burssens A (2019). Results of more than 11,000 scans with Weightbearing CT - Impact on costs, radiation exposure, and procedure time.  Foot Ankle Surg: accepted.

Richter M, Lintz F, Zech S, Meissner SA. Combination of PedCAT Weight Bearing CT with Pedography Shows Relationship between Anatomy Based Foot Center (FC) and Force/Pressure Based Center of Gravity (COG). Foot Ankle Int, 2018, 39(3): 361-368.

Richter M, Zech S, Hahn S, Naef I, Merschin D. Combination of pedCAT for 3D Imaging in Standing Position With Pedography Shows No Statistical Correlation of Bone Position With Force/Pressure Distribution. J Foot Ankle Surg 2016;55(2):240-6.

Richter M, Seidl B, Zech S, Hahn S. PedCAT for 3D-imaging in standing position allows for more accurate bone position (angle) measurement than radiographs or CT." Foot Ankle Surg 2014;20:201-7.

Richter M ZS, Hahn S. pedCAT for Radiographic 3-D Imaging in Standing Position. Fuss Sprungg 2015;13:85-102.

Shakoor D, de Cesar Netto C, Thawait GK, Ellis SJ, Richter M, Schon LC; International Weight Bearing CT Society, Demehri S. Weight-bearing radiographs and cone-beam computed tomography examinations in adult acquired flatfoot deformity.

Sripanich Y, Steadman J, Krähenbühl N, Rungprai C, Mills MK, Saltzman CL, Barg A. Asymmetric lambda sign of the second tarsometatarsal joint on axial weight-bearing cone-beam CT scans of the foot: preliminary investigation for diagnosis of subtle ligamentous Lisfranc injuries in a cadaveric model.

Sripanich Y, Weinberg M, Krähenbühl N, Rungprai C, Saltzman CL, Barg A. Change in the First Cuneiform-Second Metatarsal Distance After Simulated Ligamentous Lisfranc Injury Evaluated by Weightbearing CT Scans. Foot Ankle Int. 2020 Aug 20:1071100720938331. doi: 10.1177/1071100720938331. Online ahead of print.

Tuominem et al, "Technical Innovation: Weight-Bearing CT Imaging of the Lower Extremity." AJR January 2013 200:146-148; doi:10.2214/AJR.12.8481.

Turmezei TD, B Low S, Rupret S, Treece GM, Gee AH, MacKay JW, Lynch JA, Poole KES, Segal NA. Quantitative Three-dimensional Assessment of Knee Joint Space Width from Weight-bearing CT. Radiology. 2021 Apr 13:203928. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2021203928.

Welck MJ, Myerson MS. The Value of Weight Bearing CT Scan in the Evaluation of Subtalar Distraction Bone Block Arthrodesis: Case Report. Foot Ankle Surg 2015;21(4):e55-9.

Welck MJ, Kaplan J, Myerson MS. Muller-Weiss Syndrome: Radiological Features and the Role of Weight Bearing Computed Tomography Scan. Foot Ankle Spec 2016;9(3):245-51.

Willey MC, Compton JT, Marsh JL, Kleweno CP, Agel J, Scott EJ, Bui G, Davison J, Anderson DD. Weight-Bearing CT Scan After Tibial Pilon Fracture Demonstrates Significant Early Joint-Space Narrowing. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2020 May 6;102(9):796-803. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.19.00816.

Zhang, J. Z., Lintz, F., Bernasconi, A., & Zhang, S. 3D Biometrics for Hindfoot Alignment Using Weightbearing Computed Tomography. Foot & Ankle International [online]; 2019: 1071100719835492.

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